Navigating the Labyrinth of Obsessions and Compulsions: Understanding OCD and Finding Recovery

washing hands with soap over a sink

Written by Emma Evans

December 16, 2023

Obsessions and compulsions, two words that often appear together, conjuring up images of individuals trapped in a cycle of repetitive behaviours, driven by persistent, intrusive thoughts. 

This is the essence of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), a mental health condition that affects millions of people worldwide.

washing hands with soap over a sink


When we think of OCD we may conjure images of someone washing their hands over and over, but it is a far more complex disorder than this.

Understanding the Labyrinth of OCD

OCD is characterised by two main components: obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are unwanted, intrusive thoughts, images, or impulses that cause anxiety, distress, or discomfort. They can be about a wide range of topics, such as contamination, harm to oneself or others, a need for order or symmetry, or forbidden sexual or aggressive thoughts.

Compulsions are repetitive behaviours or mental acts that individuals feel compelled to perform in response to their obsessions. They are often aimed at reducing anxiety or preventing a feared catastrophe, but they can actually worsen the obsessions and interfere with daily life.

A young woman living with OCD, shared her experience, “I’m constantly worried about contamination. I wash my hands repeatedly, scrubbing until they’re raw. I’m terrified of germs and the idea of getting sick. It’s exhausting and has taken over my life.”

Her story highlights the debilitating nature of OCD, the power it has to disrupt routines, relationships, and overall well-being. Living with OCD can feel like being trapped in a labyrinth, with no clear escape route.

Finding the Path to Recovery: Navigating the Maze of Treatment

While OCD can be a challenging condition, there is hope. Effective treatments are available, offering a path to recovery and a life free from obsessions and compulsions.

Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

CBT is recognised as a cornerstone of OCD treatment, focusing on changing the way individuals think about and respond to their obsessions and compulsions. By identifying and challenging distorted thoughts, and learning to tolerate uncertainty, CBT as been shown to often significantly reduce OCD symptoms. It is the NHS’s preferred treatment option in most cases.

Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP)

ERP is a specialised CBT technique that involves gradually exposing individuals to their feared objects or situations while resisting the urge to perform compulsions. This helps to desensitize individuals to their triggers, reducing anxiety and breaking the cycle of obsessions and compulsions.


In some cases, medication, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), can be helpful in reducing anxiety and obsessive thinking, allowing individuals to engage more effectively in CBT and ERP therapy.

Recovery from OCD is a journey, not a destination. It requires patience, persistence, and the willingness to confront one’s fears and challenges. With the right treatment and support, individuals can learn to manage their OCD symptoms, regain control over their lives, and reclaim their sense of well-being.

The first step towards recovery is acknowledging the need for help. Seeking professional guidance from a psychiatrist or psychologist specialising in OCD can provide the necessary assessment, diagnosis, and treatment plan to address the specific challenges of each individual.

In addition to professional support, individuals with OCD can find valuable support and encouragement from peer groups and online communities. Sharing experiences, strategies, and coping mechanisms can foster a sense of connection and empowerment.

Obsessions and compulsions may seem like insurmountable obstacles, but with the right tools, support, and determination, individuals can navigate the labyrinth of OCD and emerge into a brighter, more fulfilling life.

If you’d like to find a therapist who may be able to help, consider closing one of the NRPC’s therapists or a hypnotherapist from


Published : Dec 16, 2023